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Baker Family History

I have spent many years researching her Baker ancestors. For a long time I was stuck on Isaac Baker Sr., b. 1762 of New York / Pennsylvania. He got lost in the backwoods of upper New England colonies where little is documented and many Bakers of various flavors inhabit the wilderness. Recently, I was finally able to make the connections back to earliest New England and Massachusetts Bay Colony. My findings with the historical context I enjoy researching are below. The early English ancestors were all hooked in by other researchers.

Neal Ekengren - 2017

Updated 2018

Bakers in Medieval England

GENEALOGY

HISTORY and ANALYSIS

1325 - 1405 – Thomas Le Baker born England.

1384 - 1420 – Thomas Baker I born Kent, England.

1418 - 1497 – Thomas Baker II born Shropshire, England

1440 - 1497 – Sir Thomas Baker III born Sisinghurst Castle, Kent, England

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Sissinghurst Castle Garden

1465 – 1504 - Sir Richard Baker born Sisinghurst Castle, Kent, England

1488 – 1558 - Sir John Baker, MP born Sisinghurst Castle, Kent, England

SirJohnBaker.jpg

John Baker

The Bakers of Cranbrook, Sisinghurst Castle were wealthy landowners in the Weald of Kent.  Sir Johns career developed into high office in the time of Henry VIII. He was Under-Sheriff of London in 1520 and Chancellor of the Exchequer [Treaury Cabinet position] in 1540. He continued as Chancellor throughout Queen Mary's [daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon] reign. Sir John aquires the acronym "Bloody Baker" for his role in the persecution of reformers. He was an in-law of Queen Anne Boleyn.  He had obvious Catholic sympathies during the troubles between Protestants and Catholics in England.


A legend arose that he was riding to persecute protestants when he heard the news that Queen Mary had died. The place where he was said to have turned back became known as Baker's Cross in Kent. Along with his gruesome title, he was believed by some townsfolk to be a vampire.

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In consideration of his service to Catherine of Aragon he was given an annuity of £233.

At his death his estate was enormous. In various parts of Kent and Sussex he held over forty manors and a fortune in addition, which was not completely exhausted two
hundred years later despite constant subdivision of the estate and the extravagance of his descendants.


He is buried at St Dunstan's Church at Cranbrook in the family vault. Masses were held for him in the 12 parishes in Kent and three in Sussex in which he held land. In 1736 a monument to him and the Baker families was erected in the church.

1521 - The seizure of monastic properties reached its climax under Henry VIII. This movement against the Pope occurred at the same time religious dissent was going on in the rest of Europe and Martin Luther was posting his ninety-five theses on the door of the church at Wittenberg, Germany, which led to his excommunication at the Diet of Worms in 1521.

Chronicle of the Family Baker

Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 38  1926 - Notes on the Life of John Baker

1534 – ???? - Richard Baker born Norfolk, England

1554 – 1589 - Sir Richard Flack Baker born Norfolk, England

1576 – 1594 - John Baker I born Norfolk, England

Bakers in Norfolk England

GENEALOGY

HISTORY and ANALYSIS

1598 - John Baker II is born Norwich, Norfolk, England.

1616 - John is apprenticed to a grocer in Norwich for twelve years to learn that business.

1628 - John is a citizen of Norwich, and engaged as a grocer. He marries Elizabeth Day.

1633-1636 - 3 children are born in Norfolk County.

1620-1643 - Puritan Great Migration

The busiest years were during “The Eleven Year Tyranny” (1629–1640) during which Charles I (married to a Roman Catholic) tried to rule without calling the traditionally conservative Puritan-dominated parliament. Once the King was forced to call Parliament in 1640 and the Puritan revolution began, immigration to New England came to a near-complete halt.

Puritan dictator – Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland would come to power.

Did the Baker family emigrate because of chaos in England during these years?

1637 - John emigrates on the ship “Rose” with his family [including infant John II] and 4 servants.

The Ship “John and Dorothy” of Ipswich was captained by William Andrews, and the ship “Rose” of Yarmouth was captained by his son, also named William Andrews. These two ships examined passengers at Ipswich from 8 April to 15 May 1637. Which passengers traveled on which of the two ships is not known

"The examination of John Baker, borne in Norwich in Norffolkke, Grocar, aged 39 yrs, and Elizabeth he wife aged 31 yrs, with three children, Elizabeth, John and Thomas, and four servants, Marcy Alxasrson aged 24 yrs, Anne Alxarson aged 20 yrs, and Bridgett Boulle aged 32 yrs, and Samuell Arres aged 14 yrs, as all desiroues to goe for Charles Towne in New England ther to inhabitt and remaine."[4]

roseofyarmouth.jpg

Typical migration ship during this time.

Rose of Yarmouth Passengers

Bakers in Middlesex County, Massachusetts Bay Colony, British America

middlesexcounty.jpg

Massachusetts Bay Colony

John Baker II continued

HISTORY and ANALYSIS

1628-1643 - 3 more children are born in Middlesex County.

1638 - John is a proprietor at Watertown, and at Newberry until his removal to Ipswich where he buys a house on High street.

massachussettsbaycolony.jpg

A New and Accurate Map of the Colony of Massachusets Bay, In North America from a Late Survey

Large Map View

1641 - Made a freeman. He is a man of prominence and property, and is licensed to sell wine and beer. Purchases much land in nearby Topsfield.

1648 - John makes a "subscription to the town". This title, together with the number of domestics he brought with him to this country, would indicate a rather superior social stand in, although it is to be remembered that in those days people were frequently listed as the "servants" of others simply in order to obtain a cheaper passage across the ocean.

1652 - John has legal trouble with his beer. Seems he made hoggshead incorrectly!

"John Baker is discharged fr his p'rsentment for suspition of not puting in six bushells malt in a hoggshead."

hogshead.jpg

What is hogshead

1661 - John conveys his hundred-and-fifty acre farm and buildings in Topsfield, bounded on Baker's (now called Hood's) pond, to his son Thomas in 1661.

1676 - Richard Baker writes from Norwich, England ordering his cousin Mr. John Baker to pay some money to John's brother Benjamin Baker. Benjamin is probably a brother who is here on a visit.

1680 - Age 81 - John dies in Middlesex County.

John Baker III

HISTORY and ANALYSIS

1634- John Baker III is born in England before the family moves to Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1654 – John marries Susanna Martin in a very strange manner.

"John of Woburn was sentenced to be whipped and to marry Susanna Martin (the inflicted) of the latter part of the punishment being on 4/28/1654); by he and he had John born March 25th preceding, Mary 2/22/1656; Joseph 6/15/1657 but died soon; Joseph, again, 2/1/1660; Susanna 3/15/1662 but died soon; Susanna again 4/12/1663, child noted only as a.s. 3/8/1664 but died the next week; Samuel 4/21/1665; Benjamin 5/24/1667; James 6/10/1670; Jonathan 4/2/1674 and William 8/18/1679".

1654-1659 - 12 Children born in Middlesex County.

1695 - Age 60 – John dies in Middlesex County.

Very little information has been found about John III.

John Baker IV

HISTORY and ANALYSIS

1654- John Baker IV is born Middlesex County, Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1675 - John is pressed into service for the Narragansett Expedition. He is wounded by musket fire and is crippled the rest of his life.

Years later he wrote (to prove his military service)

“…..my arm being broke by shott, and ye shott whent thru part of my body below my shoulder. I was sent to Road Island, to ye doctor.  When I was able, my father detached me home, gott so much of a cure as I learned ye trade of a weaver. ”

swampfight.jpg

Great Swamp Fight

1675 - King Philip's War – Great Swamp Fight -- Narragansett Expedition

King Philip, Sachem of the Wampanoga Tribe, was ruling the last Indian villages in southeast Massachusetts around Mount Hope [Bristol,RI]. He had been terrorizing English for the last year because of encroachment on tribal hunting grounds. 113 [about 50% of all] English towns were totally decimated; 1200 dwellings burned, 800 cattle slaughtered, 600 settlers massacred, and 3,000 Indians perished. This had broken the 50 year old peace treaty with the founding Pilgrims. Some colonists were killed at Swansea, Massachusetts just across Mount Hope bay.

The United Colonies of New England declared war. They sent 1,000 men to attack the Narraugansetts in Rhode Island because they were supposedly harboring members of the Wampanoga. On their path they destroyed 150 wigwams and destroyed the swamp palisade fort in what is The Great Swamp Fight.

This war was a great calamity. 10% of men available for military service were killed during this time. Only 40% of the Wampanoga survived and most of those remaining were sold into slavery. Sachem's head was placed on a pole in Plymouth square until the year 1700. Sachem's hand was passed from village to village throughout New England.

1682 - John marries Hannah Polly.

Hannah's father was George Polley. He arrived from London, England on the second Mayflower [a different ship than legend]. Either George Sr. or George Jr. served in the Narragansett Expedition. This may have been how John III was introduced to his future wife Hannah Polly.

Hannah's mother was Elizabeth Winn who has an ancestry back 80 generations into mythical Welsh times before christ. This is a future story for us. Elizabeth's brother Increase Winn was the first recorded birth in Woburn, Middlesex County, Massachusetts and is a direct ancestor of Herber Hoover the 31st president. Elizabeth's sister Ann is a direct ancestor of Grover Cleveland the 22nd president.

1683-1689 - 3 Children are born in Middlesex County.

1688 - John moves with family to Bristol County, Dominion of New England, British America.

Was the creation of the Dominion of New England such a concern they moved??? Was John's familiarity with this region after the Narragansett Expedition a deciding factor??? Was the recent organization of Bristol County an important factor???

1686 - Dominion of New England is established.

The English colonies were a hodge podge of different legal setups. Virginia Colony was a commercial crown colony. Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay were corporate religious charters with much freedom. Maryland and Carolina colonies were private ventures operated by a few individuals. The new King James of England issued the Dominion of New England charter to establish a single government across all of New England. The idea was to enforce standards across the colonies and divert activities away from industries that competed with English manufacturing.dominion.gif

Bakers in Bristol County, Province of Massachusetts Bay, British America

John Baker IV continued

HISTORY and ANALYSIS

1688-1690 - 2 more children are born in Bristol County.

1689 - The Dominion of New England fell. The colonists were outraged by the new taxes and land legalities. This led to open revolt to the new administration and most colonies were established as before. Back home in England the Glorious Revolution had displaced King James thus eliminating the possibility of any enforcement of Dominion politics.

1691 - Province of Massachusetts Bay

The new King William asserted authority over Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay by issuing the charter for crown control of the combined Province of Massachusetts Bay.  This combination creates the outline for the state of Massachusetts, USA.

1692 - Salem Witch Trials in Massachusetts.

                

1700 - For his Narragansett Expedition disability, John receives £10 as compensation, a grant of land in Narragansett Township #4 (now Greenwich, Massachusetts), and an annual pension of £4

1753 - Age 68 – John dies in Bristol County.

John Baker V

HISTORY and ANALYSIS

1687 - John Baker V is born in Middlesex County before the family moves to Bristol County.

1714- John marries Susanna Wood in Swansea, Bristol County.

1715-1740 - 10 Children are born in Bristol County.

1758 - Will of John Baker.

"Will. of JOHN BAKER of Reho., yeoman, dtd. 20 Jan. 1758, prob. 22 June 1767. Wife Susannah. Sons: William, John, Nathaniel & Benjamin Baker. Daus: Susannah Cornal, Hannah Cornal (dcd.), Bershaba Baker (unmar.) & Rebeckah Baker. Grchldn. Joseph Carnal (under 21) & Penelope Cornal (under 18) chldn. of my dcd. dau. Hannah Comal. Wife & son Nathaniel to be execs. Witns: Gershom Wood, John Carter & Russell Mason [20:134/5]."

1767 - Age 80 - John V dies in Bristol County.

“Placement of Nathaniel Baker, his wife, his parents [John III and Hannah], and his grandfather [John II] in Hix Cemetery is based on Baker Family lore. Several generations of the Baker family were born in "the old red house", now 63 Brook Street in Rehoboth. The house is owned (2016) by Martin Humes. He has substantially upgraded the residence after a fire in 2003. The Hix Cemetery is on the hill across the street from the house.”

2018 - I visited Hix Cemetery.  Access is a hike through the woods from the back of a guys farm. Some old guy living in this old Baker house gave me the directions or I would not have found it.

Hix Cemetery, Rehoboth

John V Baker 1687-1767

Susanna Wood Baker 1687-?? [John V spouse]

Nathaniel Baker 1725-1807 [John V son]

Experience Hix Baker ??-1823 [Nathaniel spouse]

Samuel Baker 1754-1838 [son of Nathaniel]

Bethany Mason Baker 1756-1838 [Samuel spouse]

Samuel Baker Jr. 1787-1872 [Samuel son]

Patience Pierce Baker 1792-1889 [Samuel Jr. spouse]

Otis A. Baker 1821-1833 [Samuel Jr. son]

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Cole Brook Cemetery, Rehoboth

Bethany Baker Horton [Samuel Baker father]

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John Baker VI

HISTORY and ANALYSIS

1720 - John Baker VI is born Swansea, Bristol County, Middlesex County, Massachusetts Bay Colony, British America.

1753- John marries Hannah Mason.

The Mason family has a rich genealogy in New England with ties back to Crowells England. This is a future story for us.

There is a dense web of intermarriages between Baker, Mason, and Lee families from here into Vermont. The complexity makes recording of the genealogy data more than a simple tree diagram. The tree often becomes so entangled that data imports are messy and fraught with cleanup.

1753-1762 - 6 Children are born in Bristol County.

1767 - Age 46 - John VI dies.  He is our earliest Baker father death.

John dies where? Not in Hix Cemetery with all the other Bakers. Did he migrate with John VII and Isaac to Vermont?

Bakers in Rutland County, Vermont, United States

Brothers John Baker VII

and Isaac Baker Sr.

HISTORY and ANALYSIS

1759- John Baker VII is born in Bristol County, Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1762- Isaac Baker Sr. is born in Bristol County, Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1763 - The entire upstate New York and Vermont area was a vast French and Indian wilderness. It was ceded to Great Britain at the conclusion of the Seven Years War [known locally as French and Indian War].

1765 - A proclamation by the King granted the Vermont areas to New York. These had already been settled for a few years via New Hampshire land grants thus causing many legal issues.

1770 - Nathan Lee was the first settler in Ira [also known as Lee Hollow]. His sister would marry our Isaac Baker. His father Thomas Lee's lands in Ira were confiscated during the Revolution because he was a Tory. He was also excluded from the local Baptist church in 1786 [almost surely because of his leadership in the Rutland County Insurrection – see below] and readmitted 1791.

1770 - The “Green Mountain Boys” guerilla militia was recruited by Ethan Allen and Remember Baker [NOT one of our Bakers] to protect the interests of the original New Hampshire settlers in Vermont against newcomers from New York.

greenmountainboys.jpg

Only 4 white families lived in the Rutland County area.

The Baker siblings get busy.

1773-1784 – Sarah marries Nathan Lee and 6 Children are born in Rutland County.

1783-1791 – Reuben marries Lydia Mason and 6 Children are born in Rutland County.

1783-1790 – John marries Abigail Lee and 5 Children are born in Rutland County.

1789-1796 – Isaac marries Margaret Lee and 4 Children are born in Rutland County. The first Isaac Jr. lives only 6 years.

NOTE: Researching Baker at this time and place is very complicated. There are many extended and unrelated Baker families. Families often had 10+ children. The names of the children were most often very common such as John, Reuben, etc. Many of the births and deaths went unrecorded on remote farmsteads.

"Even before the revolution, the Baker family was one of the most numerous and widley scattered in New York province. Some of the Baker family were of Dutch ancestry, but most of them of English ancestry. According to the first federal census taken in NY State in 1790, there was no less than 150 families and doubtless nearly a thousand persons of the name Baker reported."

Has the entire Baker family moved to Rutland County by 1773??? This is when Sarah starts having children. Isaac was still only 11 years old. The Mason's are all here by 1781.

1775 - The Green Mountain Boys became regulars in the Continental Army, and assisted Benedict Arnold, in capturing the British fort at Ticonderoga on Lake Champlain, NY. Canons captured from Boston had been transported cross country through Rutland County with extreme difficulty to aid in this effort.

1776 - A new military road  was built to connect New Hampshire through Rutland County Vermont to Lake Champlain. The road was very rough and narrow, and was used by soldiers. The British and Americans conducted a frenetic shipbuilding race at opposite ends of the lake which delayed the British invasion.

Lake Champlain, on the Vermont/New York border, made this entire area strategic to Revolutionary war efforts. It was the critical waterway between Canada and the New England states since colonial times. Two portages were required to carry supplies from Lake Champlain to the Hudson River. The first portage or "Great Carrying Place" was at Wood's Creek, Fort Ann, NY. The second portage was at Ticonderoga, NY.

Our Baker clan were intimately associated with these locations during this period.

1777 - This Vermont area declared independence and became The Republic of New Connecticut. Six months later the name was changed to Vermont, an imperfect translation of the French for green mountain.

The Americans defeated the British at the Battle of Saratoga near Rutland County. This was the turning point of the war of American Independence and was only possible via the previous years efforts at settlement and road building in the Lake Champlain area.

battleofsaratoga.jpg

1779 - A large group of Bakers from Massachusetts founded Ira, Rutland County, Vermont.

"The following, being the persons who took the freemans's oath on the 31st May, 1779, are undoubtedly the earliest settlers in town:

Philemon [A name given to one of Isaac’s sons] Wood, Reuben [Isaac’s brother] Baker,

John [Isaac’s brother] Baker,

Joseph Baker [Isaac's cousin],

Isaac [ours] Baker;

[Total Fifty-two in number]."

1779 - The British remained sieged in New York City and the American South was in flames.

James Claghorn of Rutland, Lieutenant-Colonel commissioned by the governer, was in command of defending Neshobe and Otter Creek [just north of Rutland] against British/Indian raids. He failed miserably as commander .

Thomas Lee, father of Isaac's wife gets promoted:

“Said Silas Pratt:

"The next spring we dropped Claghorn and elected Thomas Lee of Rutland, Lieutenant-Colonel”

Later when the militia were drinking at the tavern of John Hopson Johnson to celebrate the election of Thomas Lee as their new commandant, Claghorn came up to Lee and told him that when the regiment met for action it would be Claghorn who would take command.”

"You will, will yc, Claghorn?"

"Yes I will!"

"If you do, I'll draw my sword and hew you as Samuel did Agag."

1780 - The British continue to occupy Fort Ticonderoga and fort Crown Point on Lake Champlain. The Royalton Raid with Mohawk allies advanced into areas near Rutland County. Four Vermont settlers were killed and twenty six were taken prisoner to Quebec.

mohawk.jpg

This must have certainly given a scare to our Bakers that had just settled and kept them in a state of almost continual apprehension and alarm.

A special town meeting was held in the house of Joseph Wood,and among other measures the following vote was carried :

" Voted that the town raise for three months, two men to scout in the frontier, except sooner discharged, that the town pay said men for their services two pounds per month,that each man pays according as he stands in the list.

1781 - Reuben Baker [Isaac's brother] became intimately involved with politics of the new state of Vermont and helped revise the constitution.

1781 - The Revolutionary War ends with the British defeat at Yorktown by the combined actions of the Continental land attack from General George Washington and the French navy blockade of the British port.

yorktown.jpg

The county of Rutland was officially established.

The celebration by our Bakers after years under threat must have been enormous.

1783 - The Baptist Church of Ira is organized by the Rev. Thomas Skeels [left the Church in 1785] who has preached here occasionally for eight years previously. Reuben Baker [Isaacs brother] is the first deacon. He is licensed to preach in 1788, and ministers to the church for several years, but is never ordained.

Members include:

Joseph Baker [Isaac's cousin], [excluded 1784 for ???]

John Baker [Isaac's brother], [excluded 1787 for ???]

Reuben Baker [Isaac's brother],

Lydia Baker [wife of his brother]

Abigail Baker [granddaughter of Isaac's greatgreatgrandfather John III]

Nathan Lee [father of Isaac's wife],

James Cole [Isaac third cousin],

Nathaniel Mason [Isaac's uncle],

Isaiah Mason [first cousin via grandpa Sampson Mason],

Hezekiah Carr [probably related through Susanna Wood, wife of grandfather John Baker]

1783 - The first survey to build a road through Ira.

Riverside Cemetery, Ira

Isaiah Mason 1758-1830 [first cousin of Isaac]

Nathaniel Mason 1756-1835 [first cousin of Isaac]

Ellenor Mary Mason 1748-1816 [married 1768 in Ira which is extremely early. Too early?]

riversidecemetery.jpg

1785 - The first death on record is that of Hannah Baker daughter of John Baker.

1786 - Thomas Lee, father of Isaac's wife gets involved in politics:

                        

“Col Thomas Lee a resident upon Otter Creek three miles from Rutland somewhat distinguished in the war where he had served as captain in Warner's regiment but a bankrupt dissipated anxious to escape withal from pecuniary liabilities was the head and front of this  offending [rebellion].........Col Lee rushed in at the head of a hundred men in a tumultuous manner and began to harangue the court for not granting the people's request...........The Lee party were now to show what stuff they were made of They announced their determination to break up the court by violent measures stationed guards within the courthouse ….....The government party did not of course fold their hands but sent orders to nearby towns to raise the county militia without delay and march with firearms and three days provisions to assist him in sustaining the court. The         rebels they were in fact overpowered proving that the rebels had reckoned without a host illustrating Burke's figure that a few insects buzzing about can make more sensation than a whole herd of oxen feeding.......................seven or eight of the ringleaders were arrested but Col Lee had fled”.

                

1786 - Rutland County Insurrection – Northern echo of Shay's Rebellion

The Continental currency collapses and very little coinage circulates. Debts cannot be repaid. Vermont government has stayed afloat by the sale of state lands and the confiscation of Tory properties. Industry has collapsed with the defeat of the English. The colonists march on the local courthouse in Rutland to forbid any ruinous debt collection enforcement against once prosperous commoners. This whole event is a mirror of the more famous Shay's Rebellion in Massachusetts that was crushed by George Washington.

1791 - The population of Ira is 312.

1792 - Brothers Reuben and John VII move to Wood Creek, Fort Ann, Washington County, New York.

John VII dies in 1871 in Fort Ann. He has a son John VIII which is not our direct ancestor. We will now start following Isaac Baker through history and finally leave the long line of Johns.

Some of the Mason family are also moving Fort Ann from Rutland at this time.

1800 - Isaac moves to Wood Creek, Fort Ann, Washington County, New York.

Bakers in Washington County, New York

Isaac Baker Sr. continued

HISTORY and ANALYSIS

1801-1808 – 5 more children are born in Washington County. One is Isaac Jr. who is our ancestor. 2 are twins Philemon and Philander.

Two of Isaac Baker’s great grandchildren who are distantly related get married 140 years later in 1940.

Ron→Arthur→Charles→Isaac

Virginia→Frank→William→Isaac

1810 – Isaac moves to Tioga County, Pennsylvania.

Very little information has been found about the Bakers in Washington County. Many people at this time were itinerant laborers with few land or legal records.

Isaac Sr. was definitely our most nomadic Baker ancestor. Massachusetts to Vermont to New York to Pennsylvania.

Bakers in Tioga County, Pennsylvania

Isaac Baker Sr. continued

HISTORY and ANALYSIS

1787 - The first white setller to Tioga County is Hon. Samuel Baker [NOT one of our Bakers] near the junction of the Tioga and Cowanesque rivers, where Lawrenceville now stands.

Tioga County was originally occupied by the Seneca Indians.

1810 - Isaac is one of the very first arrivals. He purchases 146 acres of land in the "Grays Valley" area for $159. He pays 1 bushel of wheat for each $1 until his loan is paid off in 1812. The margins of his property are marked as:

"Beginning at a post the SW corner of Cyprian Stevens lot; north 136 to a Hemlock; west 183 to a Maple; south 136 to a post at intersection with line of Warrant No. 970; east 183 to beginning."

1808 - The Pennsylvania State Road through the very remote Tioga County, Pennsylvania area is opened [Lycoming County still administered large portions of North-Central Pennsylvania until 1812]. This marked the beginning of settlement by pioneer families arriving mostly from New England areas.

There are only 300 families in Tioga County.

1817 - Isaac becomes involved in politics as soon as local governing bodies are fully organized. He is one of 17 trustees involved in establishment of the "Academy" at Wellsboro. Isaac wins the local Auditors election in 1820 with 28 votes.

Sometime during these years, an area known as Bakerburg is recognized in Sullivan Township. Isaac and sons Isaac Jr., Philemon, and Philander are all raising their families here.

1816 – The "Grays Valley" area was finally organized as Sullivan Township. This is also when the first store was built.

1828 - Age 66 - Isaac dies.

"I do give and bequeath to my dear and beloved wife Margaret one cow, ten stone sheeps and my household furniture to her proper use during her lifetime and then to be --divided amongst the daughters-- at her discretion and it is my will that my wife Margaret do enjoy the dwelling house and barn and personal property the avails of production of the farm together with the farming utensils to her proper use as long as she remains my widow. It is also my will that my daughter Maria have a home with her mother on the farm and a support from the avails of the farm together with the property that she has already received it being one cow and five sheep her lifetime except she should recover her eyesight and choose to change her [??]. It is also my will that fifty acres of the properties on warrant #969 to be processed where when a proper title can be obtained and the cost to be paid out of the avails of the farm; I do also give my son Hiram a pair of red year old steers and a black year old lined heifer to be kept on the farm until he becomes of age then to be delivered to him for his proper use to make him equal in personal property to my son Isaac who at this age did receive a pair of four year old cattle and a cow and it is also my will that my sons Isaac and Hiram do occupy the farm under my wives directions during her widowhood FOURTH: At my wives death or when she does cease to be my widow I do give and bequeath unto my sones Isaac and Hiram all my real and personal estate to be divided north and south so as to make it equal in value except what has been given to my wife during her lifetime which is to make them equal to the three elder sons Ananias, Philan., and Philemone; same that they have received at the time that they were of age"

The Baker cemetery and farmstead in Bakerburg no longer exists. The cemetery has been plowed under a farmers field with pieces of gravestone scattered in the nearby hedgerows. The buildings burned to the ground.

Ananias Baker began raising a family in Tioga county through at least 1820.

Hannah Baker married Phineas Chapman Morgan.

Philander Baker married Rebecca Comfort and raised a family in Tioga county until his death in 1861.

Philemon Baker married Aurilla Mudge and raised a family in Tioga county until his death in 1847.

Mary Baker was blind and lived with mother Margaret after Isaac's death.

Hiram Baker married Anna M. Kellog.

Bakers in Illinois and Minnesota

Deacon Isaac Baker Jr.

HISTORY and ANALYSIS

1806- Isaac Baker Jr. is born Washington County, New York before moving with his father and siblings to Tioga County, Pennsylvania [see above].

Isaac Baker.jpg

1829-1839 – Isaac marries Phoebe Beardsley and 5 Children are born in Tioga County.

Brothers Philander and Philemon both live nearby with their families.  

The Bakers are close to the Gray family…..more original settlers of Gray’s Valley Sullivan Township.

The Mudge family marries into the Bakers.

Isaac is a farmer.

.

1843 - Isaac moves with family to Shirland Township, Winnebago County, Illinois. 1 more child is born here.

1830 - Northern Illinois was mostly wilderness. By 1832 all Indians have been driven out by the arrival of many New England settlers.

1857 - Isaac moves with family to Freeborn County, Minnesota.

"Quite a family of pioneers put in an appearance in the persons of Deacon Isaac Baker, his good wife Phoebe and their children, William H., Charles E., Margaret N., Amy J., Rhoda, and Sarah E. Baker. They settled upon section twenty."

1851 - The Indian Treaties of Traverse des Sioux and Mendota opened the Minnesota Territory west of the Mississippi River to settlers. The Rock Island Railroad reached parts of the area in 1854. These events opened opportunities for many new Americans including our Isaac Baker.

The Freeborn County area in southern Minnesota Territory was not yet settled.

"Up to the spring of 1853, as far as known, no white man had planted a home in this county...only occupied by animal life and perhaps a few of the aboriginal race, which was in a condition of senility, ready to depart and give place to a superior race."

1858 - Isaac was one of 10 delegates on the first Board of Supervisors, Freeborn County representing the newly formed Riceland Township area.

"Riceland was organized under the name of Beardsley, but in 1858, it was changed to Riceland, at the suggestion of Isaac Baker, who was then on the county board."

"Isaac and his wife were two of the six constituent members of the Baptist church at Shell Rock, of which body he was afterwards appointed a deacon."

1858 - Minnesota was granted statehood.

1859 - This year saw the second death of a white man to occur in the county, Isaac's daughter Sarah.

"It seems that two sisters, Amy and Sarah, were sleeping near a stove, and toward morning a thunder storm arose, which scattered its bolty messengers with a profusion that was terrific, and a bolt struck the house, ran down the stove pipe and glanced across the room, striking the girls and instantly killed Sarah, severely wounding her sister, Amy. The bolt then passed through the floor and down a studding into the ground."

1859 - The Southern Minnesota Railroad was constructed through the area.

1860 - Isaac is a founding member of the old village of Shell Rock Baptist Church.  Later he becomes Deacon.  

1898 - Shell Rock merges with nearby Woodside to become Glenville.

1879 - Age 72 - Isaac has moved with his wife to neighboring Austin, Mower County. He dies in 1879 and is buried in Oakwood Cemetery.

Oakwood Cemetery

Many Baker are buried here in Austin, MN.

Charles Edward Baker

HISTORY and ANALYSIS

1839 – Charles Edward Baker is born in Sullivan Township, Tioga County, Pennsylvania.  He moves with the family in 1843 to Illinois and then in 1857 to Freeborn County, Minnesota.

CharlesBaker2.jpg

1873 - 1882  – Charles marries Maria Emma Bibby in Freeborn County, Minnesota and has 3 children.  

Charles is a wheat farmer.

1853 - Maria Emma O’Connor is born in/near Cincinnati, Ohio.  Her father’s original surname is Bibby.  Oral history says that he entered a shoe making apprenticeship but had to escape the brutal posting.  He changed his surname to O’Connor to avoid discovery after his escape.  He raised a family with the O’Connor surname in Ohio.  Some of the children later returned to the Bibby surname.  I have found records for Maria and siblings in several states using both Bibby and O’Connor surnames.  I have not discovered the full name of the father who was born in New Jersey.

Maria O’Connor sister Anna Amelia married, had children, lived in Freeborn County near Maria, and moved to Washington.

Maria O’Connor brother Walter Eugene Bibby moved to Philadelphia, became a pharmacist, and his death was the scandal of Philadelphia front page news for several days……………...

A physician of repute, Dr. Bibby, was found dead yesterday on the bare floor of the kitchen.  His body was nude and lay in the midst of filth. Bending over his lifeless form was his wife, once considered the most beautiful woman in Frank- ford.  For ten years he had been a victim of the morphine habit.

1885  – Charles helps found the anti-horse thief association.

“C.E.Baker of Riceland claims that he had the merriest christmas of all.  His little dog which he says is fifteen years old and no bigger than a minnit? and has an awful quick nose for mink, skunks, coons, and the like, treed five coons and Mr. Baker who appreciates everything santa claus sends him took in the situation and the coons likewise.  It was a good haul and the captor has been crowing over it ever since.”

1889  

“Mrs. Charles E. Baker, wife of a prominent farmer in Riceland township, Freeborn county, has begun action for a divorce alleging inhuman treatment.”

Maria dies 1890 age 37 from tuberculosis.  She is not buried with Charles Baker.

1895 - Charles moves to Todd County in Northern Minnesota.  His son Arthur gets married into the Stallcop family here in 1896.  

1910 - Charles is living with the Elias Stallcop patriarch.  They are both 70 years old.  Charles is eventually buried next to Elias son.

1913 - Age 73 - Charles dies.  He is buried in Stallcop Cemetery, Todd County, Minnesota next to David Stallcop.

1984 - I visited this remote cemetery escorted by Neal Baker.  Neal had terminal cancer at the time and he was showing us his boyhood homes and various local points of interest.  The cemetery is behind a local farm and not easily accessible.

Stallcop Cemetery

Many Baker and related Stallcop are buried here near Osakis.

Arthur Rolland Baker

HISTORY and ANALYSIS

1839 – Arthur Rolland Baker is born in Riceland Township, Freeborn County, Minnesota.

1894 – Arthur has perfect attendance in high school for the 60 days.  The average attendance is 30 days.

1896 – Arthur moves to northern Minnesota in Douglas County.  For the next 80 years his is found in both Douglas and neighboring Todd County.

1896-1913 – Arthur marries Gertrude Ariel Stallcop in Douglas County and they have 7 children.

See the extensive Stallcop Family History

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Arthur is manager of a farm implement dealer.

Arthur is promoting the teaching of Esperanto in local newspapers.

1919 - Gertrude Stallcop has major health issues including TB and emotional.  She dies in 1920.

Arthur marries Anna Berg before Gertrude dies.  The Berg family was recently from Norway.  Anna worked in the state hospital in Fergus Falls.  No further records are found with Anna.

1920 - Arthur is listed as widowed in the census with children.  

What happened to Anna Berg?

1930 - Arthur is hosting 2 Stallcop relatives around this time.

Great Aunt Nancy Stallcop

Sister-in-law Belle Stallcop

1940 - Arthur’s son Ron Baker marries Virginia Baker and BOTH are the great grandchildren of Deacon Isaac Baker.

Ron Baker (1911)

Arthur Baker (1874) →

Charles Baker (1839) →

Isaac Baker (1806)

Virginia Baker (1917) →

Frank Baker (1865) →

William Baker (1837)  →

Isaac Baker (1806)

1942 - Arthur marries his longtime housekeeper Myrtle Belle Wickwire.

Myrtle has been married to Ernest Winfred Stallcop since 1896.  Ernest is the brother of Arthur’s first wife Gertrude.

Ernest has been institutionalized with mental health issues since 1917.  Presumably Myrtle has been working since then without any support from her husband.

Ernest dies in 1943 shortly after Myrtle remarries to our Arthur.

1970 - Age 96 - Arthur falls and fractures his hip.  He dies from this injury.  He is buried in Lakeside Cemetery, Osakis, Minnesota.  He is our oldest Baker father.

Lakeside Cemetery

Many Baker are buried here in Osakis.

Cornelius Isaac Baker

HISTORY and ANALYSIS

1904 – Cornelius Isaac Baker (aka Neal) is born in Todd County, Minnesota.

1926 – Neal Baker marries Edith Anderson.  She dies of tuberculosis shortly after giving birth to their first child.

Cornelius Isaac Baker.jpg

1930 – Neal is lodging in Chicago, Illinois.  He is probably working in his first meat packing plant.

1931 - 1935 – Neal marries Elmera Pollei in New Ulm, Brown County, Minnesota and they have 3 children including our Patsy Ekengren ancestor.

See the extensive Pollei Family History

1940 – Neal and family move to Dallas, Texas.  Neal is working in a meat packing plant.

1942 – Neal and family move to Knoxville, Tennessee.  Neal is a partner in a meat packing plant which becomes quite successful.

1950 – Neal and family move to Hazard, Kentucky.  Neal is hired to save a struggling meat packing plant.

1953 – Neal and family move back to Knoxville, Tennessee to continue with the same meat packing plant.  

Neal loses all the skin on one arm and much of his body after slipping into hot tar at the plant.  He is told he will not keep his arm but manages to recover completely.

1965 - I remember visiting the house and the lake property.  The Crappy fry was disgusting.

1968 – Elmera dies of heart failure.  Neal moves back to Minnesota and marries Edna ???

1976 – Neal marries the fourth time to Ena Ellen Clark in Minnesota.  Neal has a small farm here.

1970 - I remember visiting the farm as a boy.  My only barn experiences.  I got to drive the tractor and a bull chased me out of his field.  Getting lost in a corn field.

1984 - Age 80 - Neal dies from colon cancer.  He is buried in Lakeside Cemetery, Osakis, Minnesota next to his first wife.

1984 - Mom, Neva, Matilde and I drove to Minnesota for our last visit right before he died.

Gail Donna Baker

HISTORY and ANALYSIS

1935 – Gail Donna Baker (aka) Patsy Baker is born in Chicago, Illinois.

Patsy marries Alvin Francis Ekengren and they have 5 children.

See the Ekengren Family History.

2018 – Patsy is the last remaining member of the Neal Baker family.

Gail Donna Baker.jpg